27 Molecules banned by GOI in draft

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE (Department of Agriculture, Co-operation and Farmers Welfare) NOTIFICATION
New Delhi, the 14th May, 2020.
S.O. 1512(E).—Whereas the Central Government in the erstwhile Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation constituted an Expert Committee on 8th July, 2013 to examine the continued use of or otherwise of neo-nicotinoid insecticides registered in India and the mandate of the Committee, on 19th August, 2013, was further expanded to review Sixty Six insecticides which are banned or restricted or withdrawn in other countries but continue to be registered for domestic use in India which, after detailed examination submitted its report to the Central Government on the 9th
December, 2015;
And whereas the said Expert Committee has recommended continuing the use of the twenty seven insecticides as specified in the schedule to this notification and the same to be reviewed after completion of the recommended studies, this was considered by Registration Committee and submitted recommendations to the Government;
And whereas the Department had issued order dated 14th October 2016, conveying the approval for implementation of the recommendations of the Registration Committee;
And whereas, the Central Government, after consultation with the Registration Committee and duly considering their report with regards to status of submission of recommended studies, data and safety concerns, is satisfied that the use of twenty seven insecticides as specified in the schedule to this Notification are likely to involve risk to human being and animals as to render it expedient or necessary to take immediate action;

[भाग II—खण्ड 3(ii)] भारत का रािपत्र : ऄसाधारण 11
Now therefore, the Draft Order, which the Central Government proposes to make, in exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section 2 of Section 27 read with section 28 and sub-section (1) of section 36 of the Insecticides Act, 1968 is hereby published for information of all persons likely to be affected thereby and notice is hereby given that the said draft order shall be taken into consideration after the expiry of a period of forty five days from the date on which the copies of the Gazette of India containing this Order are made available to the public;
Any objection or suggestion which may be received from any person in respect of the said draft Order before the expiry of the aforesaid period of forty-five days will be considered by the Central Government.
Any objection or suggestion in respect to the said draft Order may be forwarded to the Joint Secretary (Plant Protection), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Department of Agriculture, Co- operation and Farmers Welfare, Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi-110 001.
1.
2.
DRAFT ORDER
Short title and commencement.—(1)—This Order may be called the Banning of Insecticides Order, 2020;
(2) It shall come into force on the date of its final publication in the Official Gazette.
Prohibition of Certain Insecticides,-

  1. No person shall import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribute and use insecticides as specified in the Schedule to this Order from the date of publication of this Order.
  2. The Registration Committee shall call back the certificate of registration granted for the insecticides as specified in the said Schedule.
  3. If any person who holds the certificate of registration fails to return the certificate to the Registration Committee, referred to in clause (2) , within a period of three months, action shall be taken under the provisions contained in the said Act.
  4. The certificate of registration for the insecticides as specified at Schedule granted under section 9 of the said Act shall be deemed to be cancelled from the date of publication of this order.
  5. Every State Government shall take all such steps under the provisions of the said Act and the rules framed thereunder, as it considers necessary for the execution of this order in the state.
    S.No. (1)
    Name of insecticides (2)
    The Schedule
    [See paragraph 2]
    List of Prohibited Insecticides
    Decision of the Central Government (3)
    1.
    Acephate
  6. TherearereportsofEndocrineDisruptionconcernsinpublicdomain.
  7. Nodatasubmittedonresurgenceforriceandcottonaspertherecommendationsof Dr. Anupam Varma Committee and Registration Committee.
  8. Noreportsofresurgencecouldbetracedinpublicdomain.
  9. It is banned in 32 countries. Not approved in European Union vide Legisl. 2003/219/EC Details of country (As per PAN data) China, EU, Malaysia, Oman, State of Palestine, UK
  10. Alternatives are available for use.
  11. It is an organophosphate compound, toxic to honey-bees. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
  12. Atrazine
  13. Incomplete bio-efficacy data submitted i.e. Study on leaching.
  14. There are reports pertaining to its Endocrine Disruption potential in public domain.

12 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—SEC. 3(ii)]
4. It is banned in 37 countries, Not approved in EU vide Legisl.2004/248/EC, EU, UK, Chad, Details of country (As per PAN data) Gambia, Mauritania, Niger, Oman, State of Palestine, Senegal, Tongo, Cabo Verde.

  1. Alternatives are available for use.
  2. The product is toxic to aquatic organism including fish. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    3.
    Benfuracarb
  3. Presence of carcinogenic impurities, Highly toxic via in-halatory exposure, reprotoxic effects observed in rat and rabbit.
  4. Data as required is not submitted, the stakeholder has generated the nematicide data on brinjal crop which is not registered.
  5. Prone for ground water contamination.
  6. It is banned in 28 countries, Not approved in EU vide Legisl. 2007/615/EC, Details of country (As per PAN data) EU, UK
  7. Alternatives are available for use.
  8. The metabolites of the products have proven to be more toxic. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    4.
    Butachlor
  9. Incomplete bio-efficacy studies submitted. In addition, they have not generated fresh bio-efficacy and residue data.
  10. Prone for leaching.
  11. It is banned in 31 countries, Not approved in EU vide Legisl. 2002/2076/EC Details of country (As per PAN data) EU,UK
  12. Alternative are available for use.
  13. The product is toxic to aquatic organism including fish. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture from publication of this order.
    5.
    Captan
  14. The Captan is in Tier-I screening final list of US-EPA Endocrine Disruptor Screening Programme.
  15. Data not submitted relating to bio-efficacy and residue or persistence data on cherry, cabbage, cauliflower, brinjal, beans, citrus, rose, paddy and tobacco crop. Data not submitted relating to toxicity on carcinogenicity.
  16. It is banned in 6 countries, Details of country (As per PAN data) Cambodia, Fiji, Guinea, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Vietnam
  17. Alternative pesticides are available for use.
  18. The product is toxic to aquatic organism including fish. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    6.
    Carbendazim
  19. The product is foetotoxic and teratogenic hence, a label warning is recommended by Dr. C.D. Mayee and other committees in this respect for its prohibition for use by women of reproductive age group. Further, its impurities 2,3-Diamino-Phenazine (DAP) and 3-Amino-2-hydroxyphenazine (HAP) are toxic and need to be monitored for levels which should not be more than 0.003 gm/kg and 0.0005 gm/kg respectively in technical grade pesticide. Carbendazim is active component of Thiophanate methyl and Benomyl. Benomyl has already been banned for use in the country. Also in view of the risk associated to pregnant women and presence of toxic impurities (which are not easy to monitor at state level) and its ED potential,
  20. Incompletebio-efficayandresiduedatasubmitted.Inaddition,registrantshavenot generated fresh bio-efficacy and residue data, instead have requested to consider the old data generated in 2009 – 2012- However, not considered.
  21. The information on public domain also indicates that there are reports pertaining to its ED potential and Fungicide Resistance Action Committee (FRAC) has categorized Carbendazim in high risk category and its resistance is common in many fungal species.

[भाग II—खण्ड 3(ii)] भारत का रािपत्र : ऄसाधारण 13
4. It is banned in 29 countries, Not approved in EU vide Legisl. 2006/135/EC, 2010/70/EC, Details of country (As per PAN data) EU, UK, Mozambique

  1. Alternatives available for use.
  2. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    7.
    Carbofuran
  3. Carbofuran is extremely toxic, a red triangle pesticide belonging to class Ib (WHO classification of pesticides by hazard). It is also toxic to honey bees, aquatic organisms and birds. Its 50% SP formulation has already been banned for use in our country. Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) is very low i.e 0-0.001mg/kg body weight and ARfD is 0.001mg/kg body weight.
  4. No residue or persistence data has been submitted by the stakeholders.
  5. The product falls under category 2 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and also figure in Tier 1 screening final list of Endocrine Disruption Screening Program (EDSP).
  6. It is banned in 63 countries, Not approved in EU vide Legisl. 2007/416/EC, Details of country (As per PAN data) EU, UK, Argentina, Canada, South Korea, New Zealand etc.
  7. Alternatives available for use.
  8. It is also toxic to honey bees, aquatic organisms and birds. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    8.
    Chlorpyriphos
  9. The product is an organophosphate and is neurotoxic and has been banned for household use in United States of America, and European Union.
  10. Data for fixation of waiting period for Cotton, Cabbage, Ber, Ground nut, Citrus & Tobacco crops is not submitted.
    The studies on air concentration as recommended by Dr. Ranjit Roy Choudhary Committee on Chlorpyriphos have not been undertaken yet.
  11. The product falls under category 3 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and also figure in Tier 1 screening final list of Endocrine Disruption Screening Program (EDSP),
  12. It is banned in 31 countries, Approval not renewed in EU, Details of country (As per PAN data) State of Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and European Union
  13. Alternatives are available for use.
  14. Incomplete data submitted for toxicity and bio efficacy, eco toxic and health hazards to children and infants, product is organophosphate and neurotoxic. There are reports on genotoxicity and health hazards. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture except for use in desert locust.
    9.
    2,4-D
  15. Concentration of dioxin content, as it is carcinogenic, is required to be monitored.
  16. In addition, incomplete data submitted for sugarcane, potato and maize.
  17. The product falls under category 2 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and also figure in Tier 1 screening final list of Endocrine Disruption Screening Program (EDSP)
  18. It is banned in 3 countries, Inactive (EPA) 5. Alternatives are available for use.
  19. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture .
    10.
    Deltamethrin
  20. The comments for use in public health should be sought from National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP).
  21. Incomplete data on resurgence or resistance submitted. No data has been submitted on cotton (other than whitefly), rice, tea, bhindi, groundnut, mango, chilli, brinjal and red gram crops for all pest-complex and on public health.

14 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—SEC. 3(ii)]
3. The product falls under category 1 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals,

  1. Alternatives are available for use.
  2. The product is toxic to honey bees. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture except for use in desert locust and public health.
    11.
    Dicofol
  3. No data submitted on bio-efficacy and residue/persistence.
  4. Dicofol is manufactured by M/s HIL. India has sought exemption under Stockholm Convention to manufacture Dicofol from DDT till 15th May 2024. No stakeholder came to submit the requisite data indicating that no one is interested in continuing this product.
  5. The product falls under category 2 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and also figure in Tier 1 screening final list of Endocrine Disruption Screening Program (EDSP).
  6. It is banned in 45 countries, Not approved in EU vide Legisl. 2008/764/EC.
  7. Alternatives are available for use.
  8. Contamination of DDT and its metabolites is a concern. Product is highly toxic to aquatic organisms including fish. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    12.
    Dimethoate
  9. Dimethoate is an organophosphorus compound and is highly toxic. It is registered for many fruits and vegetables which are eaten raw for which Dr. AnupamVarma Committee has recommended for not permitting its use. Dimethoate breaks down to omniomethoate which is more toxic than Dimethoate.
  10. No bio-efficacy, and residue data as recommended by Dr. Anupam Varma Committee or RC has been submitted.
  11. The product falls under category 2 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and also figure in Tier 1 screening final list of Endocrine Disruption Screening Program (EDSP).
  12. It is banned in 31countries, (Not approved in EU vide.2019/1090(07/25/EC), Details of country (As per PAN data) EU, Camaroon, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Suriname
  13. Alternatives are available for use.
  14. An organophosphorus compound and its metabolites are highly toxic. There are reports on genotoxicity concern to the extent that even ADI/Acute reference dose could not be established.Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    13.
    Dinocap
  15. No bio-efficacy and residue data has been submitted by the stakeholders 2. There are reports of teratogenic concerns with the product.
  16. It is banned in 28 countries, Not approved in EU; Details of country (As per PAN data) EU, UK
  17. Alternative are available for use.
  18. The product is toxic to aquatic organisms including fish. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    14.
    Diuron
  19. The product falls under category 2 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and also figure in Tier 1 screening second list of Endocrine Disruption Screening Program (EDSP).
  20. Data on bio-efficacy, persistence and residue has not been submitted for fixation of waiting period on Rubber, Citrus (sweet orange), Banana & cotton crops. However, incomplete data submitted for grapes.
  21. There is report on contaminant 3,3,4,4’ tetra chloro azo benzene (TCAB). 4. Banned in Mozambique.

[भाग II—खण्ड 3(ii)] भारत का रािपत्र : ऄसाधारण 15
5. Alternatives are available for use.

  1. The product is toxic to aquatic organisms including fish. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    15.
    Malathion
  2. No data on bio-efficacy, residue and persistence and for fixation of waiting period for Paddy, Sorghum, Pea, Soybean, Castor, Sunflower, Bhindi, Brinjal, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Radish, Turnip, Tomato, Apple, Mango & Grape crops
    has been submitted by the stakeholders.
  3. The product falls under category 2 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and also figure in Tier 1 screening final list of Endocrine Disruption Screening Program (EDSP)
  4. It is banned in 2 countries, Details of country (As per PAN data) Syrian Arab Republic, State of Palestine
  5. Alternatives are available for use.
  6. Product is eco toxic. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture except for its use in desert locust and public health.
    16.
    Mancozeb
  7. Incompletedatasubmittedonthyroidprofileonindustrialworkers(datafromone location submitted instead of multi-locations).
  8. Level of ETHYLENETHIOUREA, (ETU) is a concern from toxicity point of view.
  9. No bio-efficacy data has been submitted and also did not submit residue data for Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Jowar, Tapioca, Ground nut , Cauliflower , Grapes, Guava, Banana, Cumin crops, chilies, Onion.
  10. It is banned in 1 country, Details of country (As per PAN data) Saudi Arabia.
  11. Alternatives are available for use.
  12. Product is toxic to aquatic organisms including fish and has Ethylene Thio Urea
    (ETU) concerns. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    17.
    Methomyl
  13. It is extremely toxic red triangle pesticide belonging to WHO class Ib. The RC also noted that it is toxic to honey bees, silk worms, birds, and aquatic organisms. Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) is very low i.e. 0-0.02mg/kg body weight and ARfD is 0.02 mg/kg body weight. Two formulations of this compound that 12.5 % SL and 24 % SL were already banned for use in the country.
  14. No toxicity data on honey bees, silkworm and fish submitted.
    3.Further, the product falls under category 2 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and also figure in Tier 1 screening final list of Endocrine Disruption Screening Program (EDSP
  15. It is banned in 41 countries, Not approved in EU vide Legisl. 2009/115/EC; Details of country (As per PAN data) China, Columbia, Malaysia, Myanamar, Nicaragua, Saudi Arabia etc.
  16. Alternatives are available for use.
  17. It is toxic to honey bees, silkworms, birds, and aquatic organisms.
    Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    18.
    Monocrotophos
  18. Monocrotophos is extremely toxic, a red triangle pesticide belonging to WHO class Ib. There are reports of accidental poisoning and of its misuse. It is also toxic to honey bees, aquatic organisms and birds. Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) is very low i.e. 0.0006 mg/kg body weight and ARfD is 0.002 mg/kg body weight. Its residues have been detected above MRLs on vegetables where its use is banned.
  19. Incomplete data has been submitted for studies on endocrine disruption. They have not submitted any data on field studies on toxicity to bees, bio-efficacy, residue and persistence.

16 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—SEC. 3(ii)]
The residue/ persistence data not submitted for fixation of waiting period for Paddy, Maize, Black gram, Green gram, Pea, Red gram, Sugarcane, Cotton, Coconut, Coffee & Cardamom crops

  1. There are conflicting reports on public domain with respect to monocrotophos labeling it as ED. It does not figure in the lists of EU or US-EPA.
  2. It is banned in 112 countries, Not approved in EU vide Legisl. 2002/2076/EC; Details of country (As per PAN data) EU, UK, Brazil, China, Indonesia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Thailand etc.
  3. Alternatives are available for use.
  4. It is toxic to honey bees and aquatic organisms. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    19.
    Oxyfluorfen
  5. Alteration in blood parameters causes’ anemia, hemolytic consequences and in liver. Possible human carcinogen. The product falls under Tier 1 screening second list of Endocrine Disruption Screening Program (EDSP).
  6. Data on residue and persistence for Rice (Direct sown as pre-emergence), groundnut, Onion & Potato crops not submitted.
  7. Potential to affect terrestrial plants and aquatic ecological systems. Sub chronic effects and chronic seen in birds.
  8. It is banned in 02 country, Inactive (EPA); Mozambique
  9. Alternatives are available for use.
  10. It is toxic to aquatic organisms including fish and is possible human carcinogen. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture from publication of this order.
    20.
    Pendimethalin
  11. Incomplete toxicity data submitted. Also, stakeholders have not submitted the clarification on the studies submitted with respect to aquatic organisms. Not submitted data on residue and persistence on rice crop.
  12. Causes thyroid follicular cell adenoma.
  13. It is banned in 02 countries Inactive (EPA); Norway. 4. Alternatives are available for use.
  14. It is highly toxic to aquatic organisms including fish. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    21.
    Quinalphos
  15. The product has high acute mammalian toxicity and is an organophosphorus compound and also is highly toxic to aquatic organisms.
  16. The incomplete data on neurotoxicity and toxicity to aquatic organisms submitted by stakeholders. Data not submitted on efficacy for build up of resistance or resurgence in the target polyphagous sucking pests like aphids, jassids, mites and thrips and on residue or persistence data for fixation of waiting period for Sorghum crops.
    Data on resurgence or resistance for chilli has not been submitted. The selection of formulations of standards checks and their doses were not appropriate.
    3 The product falls under category 1 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals;
  17. It is banned in 30 countries, Not approved in EU vide Legisl. 2002/2076/EC; Details of country (As per PAN data) Brazil, EU, UK, Malaysia
  18. Alternatives are available for use.
  19. It is highly toxic to aquatic organisms including fish. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    22.
    Sulfosulfuron
  20. Stakeholders submitted multi-locational studies to check the possible development of resistance in the target weeds in Punjab, Haryana and Uttarakhand. Further, as per report 32.5% resistance was observed against target weed Phalaris minor in Punjab and Haryana while no resistance is observed in Uttarakhand.
  21. It is banned in 01 country. Details of country (As per PAN data) Norway.

[भाग II—खण्ड 3(ii)] भारत का रािपत्र : ऄसाधारण 17
5. Several alternatives are available for use.

  1. The product is resistant against the target weed. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    23.
    Thiodicarb
  2. High mammalian toxicity.
  3. Incomplete multi-locational resurgence study submitted.
  4. Methomyl is the metabolite.
  5. Details of country (As per PAN data) EU, UK, Mozambique. 5. Alternatives are available for use.
  6. It is toxic to honey bees and aquatic organisms. Concern is methomyl metabolite which is banned. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    24.
    Thiophanat emethyl
  7. Carbendazim is an active component of Thiophanate methyl and Benomyl. Benomyl has already been banned for use in the country and Fungicide Resistance Action Committee (FRAC) has also categorized Thiophanate methyl in high risk category and its resistance is common in many fungal species.
  8. Incomplete studies (only one location data instead of multi-location data) on thyroid function tests have been submitted and field studies on earthworm is yet to be submitted.
  9. The product falls under Tier 1 screening second list of Endocrine Disruption Screening Program (EDSP).
  10. Alternatives are available for use. 5. It is toxic to earthworm.
    Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    25.
    Thiram
  11. Metabolites M1 and NDMA is a concern. The product falls under category 1 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals. Level of ETHYLENETHIOUREA, (ETU) is a concern from toxicity point of view.
  12. No data has been submitted by the stakeholders on persistence in soil and water. Incomplete data has been submitted on bio-efficacy and residue.
    3 Risk to birds.
  13. Banned in 28 countries, Not approved in EU vide Reg. (Eu) 2018/1500 (03/81/EC, Reg. (EU) 2016/2016,Reg. (EU) No 540/2011, Reg. (EU)2018/524)a
  14. Alternatives are available for use.
  15. It is toxic to aquatic organisms including fish. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    26.
    Zineb
  16. The product falls under category 1 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals. Level of ETHYLENETHIOUREA, (ETU) is a concern from toxicity point of view.
  17. No data submitted on iodine metabolism. No data submitted on residue.
  18. Banned in 32 countries, Not approved in EU vide Legisl. 01/245/EC 4. Alternatives are available for use.
  19. No toxicity and bio-efficacy data submitted and product is toxic to aquatic organisms including fish.
    Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
  20. Ziram 1. The product falls under category 2 of European Union prioritization of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and also figure in Tier 1 screening second list of Endocrine
    Disruption Screening Program (EDSP).

18 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—SEC. 3(ii)]
2. Level of ETHYLENETHIOUREA, (ETU) is a concern from toxicity point of view.

  1. No data has been submitted on iodine metabolism and incomplete data has been submitted on bio-efficacy and residue by the stakeholders. It was noted that alternatives to approved crop-pest combinations are available.
  2. 01 Inactive (EPA)
  3. Alternatives available for use.
  4. No data submitted in toxicity and incomplete bio-efficacy data submitted and it is toxic to aquatic organisms including fish. Therefore, import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and its use shall be prohibited in agriculture.
    [F. No. 13035/15/2019-PP-I] ATISH CHANDRA, Jt. Sec

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *